JANUARI::: ANYELIR [CARNATION]
Nama Latin: Dianthus caryophyllus
Asal: negara Timur sekitar 2000 tahun yang lalu dan awalnya berwarna merah muda.
- Berasal dari bahasa Latin “carnis” yang berarti daging segar, tubuh atau menunjukkan warna bunga ini sendiri
- Menurut kepercayaan, berasal dari kata “incarnation” yang berarti penjelmaan wujud fisik dari dewa-dewi
- Menurut Yunani kuno, berasal dari kata “coronation” yang berarti upacara pemberian tahta kerajaan
- Korsase untuk gaun Prom nite
- Ucapan selamat datang
- Hari ibu
- Buket pernikahan
- Dekorasi pesta
Makna Simbolis bagi berbagai negara:
- Italia, Bunga Sang Jupiter, dewa tertinggi kekaisaran Romawi.
- Korea, dipakai para gadis di rambut mereka sebagai simbol untuk kematian atau tingkat kesulitan yang akan mereka hadapi di kehidupan mereka
- Portugal, simbol dari Revolusi Karnasi Portugis pada1974
Makna berdasarkan warna:
- Merah terang: kekaguman
- Merah tua: cinta yang mendalam
- Putih: Cinta suci dan keberuntungan
- Bergaris: penyesalan
- Ungu: ketidakteraturan
- Hijau: sering digunakan untuk hari santa Patrick
- Merah muda: cinta yang tak pernah mati dari seorang ibu, yang menurut kepercayaan bunga ini ditaburkan dan bermekaran di daerah Mariam atau bunda Maria menitikkan air mata ketika nabi Isa disalib.
- Digunakan pada pemakaman presiden William McKinley karena pembunuhan yang menimpa beliau atas kecintaan beliau akan bunga ini.
- Di universitas Oxford, Anyelir melambangkan akan musim ujian. Anyelir putih untuk ujian pertama, merah untuk ujian paling akhir, dan merah muda untuk hari-hari ujian diantaranya.
FEBRUARI::: PRIMROSE [PRIMROSE]
Nama Latin: Primula vulgaris
Asal: tanaman herbal yang banyak ditemukan di Eropa barat dan selatan, termasuk pulau-pulau kecil di Inggris. Bunga ini merupakan salah satu bunga yang paling cepat mekar pada musim semi dan dapat memenuhi semua permukaan pada tanah lapang atau hutan terbuka. Dulu bunga ini berlimpahan dan mudah sekali bagi para turis untuk memetiknya, namun sekarang telah ada undang-undang yang mengatur.
- Liga Primrose diberikan oleh Earl pertama dari Beaconsfield, Benjamin Disraeli, karena beliau sangat menyukai bunga tersebut.
MARET::: Bunga BAKUNG [DAFFODIL]
Nama Latin: Narcissus, merupakan bunga baku yang paling sering bersemi ketika musim semi namun ada beberapa spesies khusus yang tumbuh pada musim gugur. Paling banyak ditemukan di daerah Mediterania dan beberapa spesies lainnya di seluruh penjuru Asia dan Cina.
- Awalnya disebut dengan bunga Affodel. Tidak ada yang mengetahui secara pasti mengapa nama bunga ini berubah secara pasti namun nama ini berubah pada awal abad ke-16 menjadi Daffodil yang berasal dari panggilan-panggilan lucu seperti “Daffadown Dilly” atau “daffadowndilly“.
Bunga Daffodil aslinya berbentuk seperti terompet yang disusun dari kelopak bunga berwarna emas terang yang melingkar ke bagian tengah yang berwarna sangat kontras emas tua. Namun sekarang telah dimodifikasi menjadi bola-bola kecil berwarna emas kecil.
Makna Simbolis bagi berbagai negara:
- Cina, sering dipakai untuk dekorasi tahun baru Cina dan festival hari raya di berbagai negara lainnya
- Wales, terdapat daerah khusus untuk tumbuh di Tenby, yang tumbuh dengan variasi-variasi unik pada hari Santa David pada 1 Maret.
- Bunga Daffodil beracun dan dapat membahayakan serta mematikan bila dimakan
APRIL::: Bunga DAISI [DAISY]
Nama Latin: Bellis perennis bermakna cantik.
Asal: bunga Daisi merupakan penduduk asli dari Eropa barat, timur, dan tengah.
Arti: kestabilitasan, simpati, keceriaan, dan kepolosan. Biasanya bunga Daisi berwarna putih namun dapat ditemukan juga dalam warna merah, kuning, dan ungu, atau perpaduan antar warna tersebut. Setangkai bunga Daisi biasanya mempunyai kelopak dengan diameter 2-3 cm dan tinggi tangkai 2-10 cm bahkan anda dapat menemukan dalam ukuran 15 cm.
Daisi biasanya dipakai para pria yang akan melamar gadisnya sebagai isyarat bahwa si pria telah siap untuk meminang si gadis. Setelah cincin tunangan dilingkarkan ke jari masing-masing maka sang gadis akan mengenakan bunga Daisi sebagai respon “Ya, saya terima”. :)Fakta Unik:
Nama bunga Daisi dipercaya berasal dari frase “matanya hari” karena kelopak bunga Daisi akan terbuka ketika matahari terbit dan menutup ketika matahari tenggelam. Bunga Daisi juga tidak menghilang ketika musim panen tiba seingga sering dianggap sebagai hama. :(
MEI::: Lili Perbukitan [The Lily of The Valley]
Nama Latin: Convallaria magalis
Berasal dari: Eropa dan terdistribudi secara luas ke amerika utara dan asia bagian utara, namun jarang ditemukan di Inggris. and originated in Europe. Berbentuk seperti lonceng membuat bunga Lili Perbukitan tak hanya digemari oleh banyak orang namun juga dijadikan lebah untuk menimbun madu. :)
Biasanya bunga ini berwarna putih namun dapat juga ditemukan perpaduan warna putih-pink. Pada bulan September bunga ini akan memproduksi buah beri ditengah-tengah dengan diameter 5-7 mm.Bunga ini juga sering digunakan untuk pengobatan karena mengandung glikosida jantung.
Ih agak serem juga loh. Menurut legenda Lili ini merupakan perwujudan air mata dari si Mary “the Bloody Mary” yang menetes dan menjelma jadi bunga Lili yang cantik. Ada juga yang mengatakan bunga Lili ini bersemi di atas tanah yang bersimbah darah Santa Leonard di dalam sebuah pertempuran melawan naga.
JUNE::: Mawar [Rose]
One of the most popular flowers, the rose, is also the flower for those born in June. It is a flowering shrub with more than 100 species that bloom in different sizes and colors, and all of which have different meanings. The most common colors are red, pink, yellow and white, however you can find them in various other colors as well including orange, peach, purple and black.
All species of the Rosa come from the northern hemisphere, and normally form as shrubs or bushes with flowers. There are however some that are considered trailing plants or climbers that will grow up walls and over other plants.
The flowers of all species have five petals with the exception of one species, the Rosa sericea which only has four. Most roses contain hook shaped thorns which are there to aid the plant in hanging over other plants as it grows.
The rose is a beloved flower for its beauty and fragrance with a long history of symbolism and meaning. The ancient Greeks and Romans associated the roses with their goddesses of love Aphrodite and Venus which is probably what has led to the red rose being considered the rose of love in today’s modern culture. In Rome a wild rose would also be placed on the doorstep of a room where confidential matters were being discussed, telling others not to enter.
In early Christianity, the five petals are linked to the five wounds of Christ, however the leaders were hesitant to adopt this theory. Instead the red rose was adopted as the symbol of the red blood shed by the Christian martyrs, and later it because associated with the Virgin Mary.
- Red: love
- Pink: grace, lesser feelings of love
- Dark Pink: gratitude
- Light Pink: admiration, sympathy
- White: innocence, purity, secrecy, friendship, reverence and humility.
- Yellow: Yellow roses generally mean dying love or platonic love. In German-speaking countries, however, they can mean jealousy and infidelity.
- Yellow with red tips: Friendship, falling in love
- Orange: passion
- Burgundy: beauty
- Blue: mystery
- Green: calm
- Black: slavish devotion (as a true black rose is impossible to produce)
- Purple: protection (paternal/maternal love)
Fun and interesting fact: The rose is the national flower of both England and the United States, and the state flower of several U.S. states including Iowa, North Dakota, Georgia, New York and Texas. Portland, Oregon holds an annual rose festival to celebrate the rose, and in Southern California there is an annual Rose Parade consisting of floats designed with hundreds of thousands of roses for decorations.
The Consolida and Delphinium, better known as the Larkspur includes about 40 annual flowering plants that are native to Western Europe through the Mediterranean region east to central Asia. The flowers are open and contain a single follicle of fruit, instead of a cluster.
The flower varies in size from 10cm to up to 2m in the meadowland species. Colors of the flower vary and can include purple, blue, red, yellow and white. The petals grow together forming a spur at the end and giving the flower its name, Larkspur. You will find the plant blooming starting in late spring and continuing through late summer, being pollinated by butterflies and bumble bees.
The Larkspur was called lark’s heel by Shakespeare, and has also been referred too as lark’s claw and knight’s spur. The scientific name of Delphinium refers to the shape of the bud which is thought to look like a fat dolphin.
There are two species of Larkspur that are native to California and are considered to be endangered. These are the Baker’s larkspur and the Yellow larkspur.
Larkspurs are generally considered garden plants. They are poisonous however and can cause death if eaten in large amounts. It is a significant cause of death in cattle ranges in higher elevations where it is more likely to be found. In small amount however the Larkspur has been used in medicine. It is believed that drinking the seed could help the sting from a scorpion, and that putting it in your hair can help kill lice and nits.
Fun and interesting fact: Mixing the juice from the Larkspur seed with alum can create a blue ink. Because of the blue color it used to be used in Transylvania on the stables to ward away witches.
The Gladiola is native to South America but can be found growing in the United States and Europe. There are about 260 separate species. They are also referred to by many as Gladiolus, gladiola, “glads”, and “Sword Lily” because of their long sword shaped leaves. However, the Gladiolas is not part of the Lily
family. As a flower, the Gladiolas are one of the most popular flowers you will find planted in gardens because of their beauty, fragrance and the easiness of growing.
Gladiolas should be planted in the spring, and will grow and bloom in August. They can be found in several colors and bicolors, including pink to reddish or light purple with white, contrasting markings, or white to cream or orange to red, and blue. The blossoms open from the bottom first, but with harvesting will also open at the top either indoors or outdoors. They like rich, soft soil, plenty of water, and plenty of shade. Make sure the sun hits your Gladiolas during the day, but that your flowers are not drenched in sunlight all day, drying out the soil. Gladiolas can grow to 3 or 4 feet tall.
Gladiolas do not grow from a bulb as most flowers do, but they originate in a corm. The main difference being that a bulb produces new bulbs under the main bulb and the corm produces new corm’s above the main corm. This makes it easy to dig up the corm, separate, wash and store the baby corm’s till the next season when it is time to plant.
Fun and interesting fact: The Gladiola was adopted by actress Dame Edna Everage and was often seen in pictures and publicity shots for her. Morrissey has done the same since he was with the band The Smith’s back in the 1980’s.
The Aster includes 600 species of star shaped flowering plants. The name is Greek, meaning “star”. Most of the species are found in gardens because of their showy flowers and petals. The Aster is unique for its delicate purple color suggesting a manner in which these core aspects of the Self are brought to a very high spiritual level of expression. The Aster can also be found in a variety of other colors including blue and white.
The Aster is known for its well defined physical structure and strong integrative features. Because of this it is thought that the Aster has qualities of strength, immunity and integration. Depending on the exact species, Asters begin growing in the summer and continue growing through the fall.
In order to multiply and continue to grow well, Asters should be transplanted and divided at the room every other year. It is best to do this in early spring, keeping the root wet the day before and after dividing it. Doing this will rejuvenate the plant, help with size control and also give you more of them to add to the garden. Aster’s grow best in rich wet soil, and can be grown either in direct sunlight or in the shade.
Fun and interesting fact: Legend has it that burning the Aster leaves will keep away snakes. In French tradition it is said that placing the flowers on the grave of a dead soldier is a tribute to his bravery.
The Calendula includes 12-20 species of annual plants in the daisy family that are native from Macaronesia east through the Mediterranean region to Iran. It can also be referred to as the “marigold”.
Calendula means the first day of the month, referring to the fact that the marigold blooms at the beginning of the month throughout most months of the year.
The Calendula normally has layered petals that are oval in shape and can grow to be 3-7cm across. The colors range through various shades of yellow and orange. It is suggested that you should remove the dying flower heads in order to help maintain even blossom production.
As a herb, the ointment from Calendula’s is used to cure many skin problems from burns to acne because of its properties that reduce inflammation, soothes irritated tissue, and controls bleeding. It can be used internally or topically for minor wounds as well as diaper rash and cradle cap in infants.
Fun and interesting fact: In Old World Biblical terms the marigold actually refers to the Virgin Mary.
The Chrysanthemum, which is closely related to the daisy is often referred to by cultivators and gardeners as “mums”. It currently includes about 30 species of perineal flowering plants which are native to Asia and northeastern Europe. At one point there were more species of the Chrysanthemum but the species was split.
The Chrysanthemum can grow between 50-150cm tall, has deep leaves and large flower heads with dozens of petals. The Chrysanthemum is most commonly found in shades of white, pink, red and yellow.
In parts of Asia the Chrysanthemum petals are boiled in order to make a sweet drink known as Chrysanthemum tea. It is believed that this tea has many medicinal uses including curing influenza.
The Chrysanthemum resembles a close cousin the mugwort weed which is often called the wild Chrysanthemum. Because of this many florists do not like to use the Chrysanthemum in floral arrangements. In some countries in Europe and in Japan, Chrysanthemum’s are the symbol of death and only used in funeral arrangements, while the opposite is true in America where it is seen more as positive and cheerful.
Fun and interesting fact: An ancient Chinese city was named Chu-Hsien, meaning “chrysanthemum city”. The flower was introduced into Japan probably in the 8th century CE, and the Emperor adopted the flower as his official seal. There is a “Festival of Happiness” in Japan that celebrates the flower.
While most Narcissus’s, like the Daffodil
bloom in the spring, there are several that bloom in the fall and winter. The Narcissus is mostly native to the Mediterranean region but there are a few found in Asia and China. Because of modifications there are new species being created in nurseries almost every year.
The name Narcissus is from the narcissistic youth of Greek mythology called Narkissos. Technically “Narcissi” is the plural form, The American Daffodil Society prefers the use of “narcissus” for both singular and plural.
Narcissus are often called jonquils
in North America, but in reality that name belongs only to the rush-leaved Narcissus jonquilla
and cultivars derived from it.
The Narcissus has a trumpet shaped corona that is surrounded by a ring of petals. They are also poisonous and can be fatal if eaten so no parts of the flower should be ingested.
Fun and interesting fact:
When comparing the Daffodil
, and the “Narcissus”, it is important to remember that both the Daffodil and Jonquil are a part of the Narcissus genus. However while the names “Daffodil” and “Narcissus” can be used interchangeably, a Jonquil is a completely different plant down to the shape of the petals and leaves.